The Statin Alternative By Leigh Erin Connealy, M.D.

High cholesterol, a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, affects nearly 26% of all adults and an additional 100 million Americans are considered borderline high.  Considering these statistics, it’s entirely possible that you or a loved one is living with this potentially dangerous health problem.  In 2001 Americans filled over 57 million prescriptions for the cholesterol-lowering drug, Lipitor, making it one of the highest prescribed pharmaceuticals in history.  But is this medication necessary to lower high cholesterol or are you needlessly subjecting yourself to the drugs’ potentially debilitating, and sometimes even life-threatening, side effects?  It’s true that statin medications do lower cholesterol levels, but there is a much healthier proven option: healthy eating habits and exercise! 

Cholesterol is a wax-like substance found in both your bloodstream and every cell in your body.  Proper levels of cholesterol are vital to your health as it’s necessary for producing cell membranes and several important hormones including the male and female sex hormones and the adrenal hormones.  Too much cholesterol however, can cause cardiovascular disease and result in heart attack or stroke.

Cholesterol is produced by the liver but also comes from animal products such as meat, poultry, fish, eggs, butter, cheese and whole milk.  As a matter of fact, the liver creates all of the cholesterol that the body requires and any cholesterol derived from food is considered excess. 

Cholesterol, like other fats, doesn’t dissolve in your bloodstream and needs to be transported to and from cells by special carriers called lipoproteins.  There are two types of lipoproteins: low density lipoproteins (LDL) and high density lipoproteins (HDL).  LDL is known as the “bad” cholesterol because it builds up in the bloodstream, clogging arteries and increasing risk for heart attack and stroke.  HDL, on the other hand, is considered the “good” cholesterol because it mops up the LDL cholesterol and transports it to the liver to be excreted from the body.  For this reason, it is important to have low levels of LDL and high levels of HDL.  An LDL score of 100 mg/dL or less is considered optimal, while anything higher is cause for concern.  An HDL score of 40 or higher is desirable since lower levels are linked to higher incidence of cardiovascular disease.  Total blood cholesterol is the most common measurement of cholesterol and the number that you normally receive as your test result.  A total blood cholesterol level of 200 mg/dL or lower is ideal.  A higher total blood cholesterol level indicates an elevated risk for cardiovascular disease.

Adults with high cholesterol are often offered statin medications as a first line of defense in lowering both their cholesterol level and their risk of heart attack and stroke.  Statin drugs work by blocking the production of cholesterol in the liver, thereby lowering the levels of cholesterol in the bloodstream.  Unfortunately, blocking the production of cholesterol interferes with the production of hormones and vitamin D, which can result in a loss of sex drive, feelings of fatigue and poor bone density.  Additionally, common side effects of statin medications include memory loss, muscle soreness and deterioration, upset stomach, gas, bloating and abdominal pain.

A recent study in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found that adding foods like tofu, almonds, fibers, plant sterols and soy products into your daily eating plan can lower total cholesterol more effectively than statin medications.  The most effective cholesterol lowering fibers can be found in oat bran, barley, flax seed, apples, citrus fruits, lentils and beans.  Plant sterols can be found in small amounts in foods such as whole grains, vegetables, fruits and vegetable oils and to a larger degree in spreads such as Smart Balance and Benecol.  Combining a dietary intake of these foods along with lowering your intake of saturated fats is the most effective way to lower your total cholesterol.  Additionally, stay away from partially hydrogenated and hydrogenated fats (such as margarine and shortening), which are sources of trans fatty acids known to increase LDL (“bad” cholesterol) and lower HDL (“good” cholesterol). 

Research has also shown that taking a daily essential fatty acid supplement (such as flax seed oil or fish oil) can help to lower cholesterol and protect the heart.  The fatty acid not only decreases the rate at which the liver produces LDL cholesterol but it also has an anti-inflammatory effect in the body, decreases the growth of plaque in the arteries and aids in thinning the blood.

If your HDL cholesterol level is low you can help increase it by losing weight or maintaining a healthy weight, quitting smoking and being physically active for at least 30 to 60 minutes a day on most or all days of the week.  Researchers have also found that supplementing with niacin (vitamin B3) is highly effective at increasing HDL levels while lowering LDL levels and preventing atherosclerosis.

Make an appointment today to have your cholesterol levels checked.  HDL levels of 40 mg/dL or lower, LDL levels of 130 mg/dL or higher or a total blood cholesterol level higher than 200 mg/dL all indicate an elevated risk for heart disease.  Should you have high cholesterol, discuss with your doctor your options and only consider statins as a last resort.  Dietary changes and exercise can prove to be more effective than medication and can have a positive and lasting impact on your overall health, without the negative side effects!


Quick! Find the Tick!Recognizing Lyme Disease By Leigh Erin Connealy, M.D.


Since Lyme disease was first recognized in Connecticut in 1975, ticks infected with the bacterium that causes Lyme disease have been found in 95% of the states in the US, including California.   Often difficult to diagnose, Lyme disease can have long lasting and debilitating affects if not treated immediately.  Recognizing the risk factors and early symptoms can mean the difference between a full recovery and a lifetime of health problems.  While new treatment options are available for those suffering from the effects of Lyme disease, prudent awareness should be your first plan of attack.

Lyme disease generally occurs when a person is bitten by a tick infected with the spiral shaped bacterium, Borrelia burgdorferi.  Ticks carrying the bacteria tend to be found in grassy areas inhabited by deer.  Scientists believe that an infected tick must be attached to its host for 48 hours in order for the host to become infected with the bacteria.  The sooner that a tick is discovered and removed, the lower the odds that an infection will occur.  However, if you suspect you’ve been bitten by a tick you should contact your health care provider immediately.

Lyme bacterium is a clever organism that is difficult to detect, diagnose, and treat. Symptoms of Lyme disease do not always present themselves in the same manner and can vary greatly from person to person.  Additionally, there is no concrete test to accurately determine if someone is infected with Lyme disease.  The most typical symptom of Lyme disease is a bulls-eye shaped rash that may occur at the site of the tick bite.  The rash, called Erythema Migrans (EM) tends to begin as a small red dot and then can expand outward over a matter of days or weeks.  The rash can eventually spread to different parts of the body and is usually accompanied by other symptoms such as headache, fever, stiff neck, muscle aches and fatigue.  Such symptoms are often believed to be the flu, yet unlike the flu, these symptoms can come and go or persist.  Unfortunately, not all people who are bitten by an infected tick will have the EM rash or, if they do, they may fail to notice it.

As mentioned, the rash along with flu-like symptoms may never present themselves even if you have been bitten by an infected tick.  Over several months or even years, if the tick bite has not been treated, more serious health problems can occur, such as arthritis, migrating body pains, heart problems and neurological problems, including meningitis, temporary paralysis of facial muscles, poor muscle movement, memory loss, difficulty concentrating, depression, and changes in sleeping habits.  Chronic stress or an underlying thyroid problem can further exacerbate the symptoms of Lyme disease.  Since these long-term symptoms tend to mimic other autoimmune system disorders, properly diagnosing the illness can be difficult.

If you’ve been bitten by a tick, there are two tests that your health care provider may order to determine if you have Lyme disease.  One test looks for the presence of the bacteria in your body while the other looks for the presence of antibodies produced to fight off the bacteria.  Neither of these tests are 100% accurate and a negative result does not mean that you are free of Lyme disease.  For this reason, your health care provider will need to consider many factors, including your medical history, in order to determine the best course of action.

A treatment plan for Lyme disease usually includes antibiotics, but due to its uniqueness many other modalities may also be needed, especially if the disease wasn’t detected early on.  They include herbs, supplements, adjusting pH levels, changing of diet, hyperbaric oxygen treatment, acupuncture, physical therapy, and detoxification therapy.  For example, a patient with arthritis symptoms might benefit from a combination of Essential Fatty Acid supplements to reduce inflammation in the joints along with acupuncture and physical therapy to relieve the pain.  Another patient may find relief by reducing or eliminating sugar along with properly balancing the body’s pH levels, which can slow the spread of the bacteria and may also reduce the severity of symptoms.

If you suspect that you’ve been bitten by a tick, contact your health care provider immediately, even if you aren’t displaying any symptoms or if your symptoms appear to go away.  Treating Lyme disease from the onset can dramatically improve your chances of a full recovery and can lower the possibility of debilitating health problems down the road.


4 Reasons Why You Can’t Lose Weight By Leigh Erin Connealy, M.D.

Have you been struggling with your weight, despite your best efforts or intentions? There are several factors involved in weight gain, and the very reason why you put on the pounds in the first place could be the thing that is preventing you from losing weight today. Here are the top four reasons why your battle with weight might be getting the best of you.

1. Insufficient Exercise and Poor Eating Habits

You cannot lose weight by cutting calories alone. Adequate exercise and healthy eating habits go hand in hand when it comes to weight loss. Most Americans simply don’t get enough exercise to burn up the amount of calories that they consume on a daily basis. A steady stream of calories without a means to burn them equals weight gain, plain and simple.

A healthy individual looking to maintain his or her weight needs an average of 30 minutes of cardiovascular exercise a day: A brisk walk, playing with your kids in the park, washing the car by hand. If you’re looking to lose weight, 60 minutes of cardio a day is recommended until you reach your target weight, when you can then go down to 30 minutes a day.

When deciding on a program to get healthy and lose weight, begin by closely examining the foods that you are eating. Keep a diary of what, when and how much you are eating. Looking at nutrition labels will tell you what’s in your meal and allow you to track your caloric intake as well as the fats, sugars, vitamins and minerals that you are consuming. After a week, evaluate your list, identify the problem areas and make adjustments accordingly.

A healthy eating program should be high in fruits, vegetables and whole grains and low in saturated fats, sugar and salt. Determine what your daily caloric intake should be and don’t exceed it. If you are worried about feeling hungry, prepare fruity snacks to nibble on throughout the day. They are high in fiber, naturally sweet and will keep you feeling full.

Individuals who have major health concerns, such as cardiovascular disease, high cholesterol, diabetes or osteoporosis should work with a nutritionist to develop a healthy eating plan. If you are otherwise healthy but utterly confused by nutrition in general, a nutritionist might be just what you need to get on the proper track.

2. Syndrome X

Syndrome X is a metabolic disorder that affects one out of ever four Americans and can lead to cardiovascular disease and diabetes if left untreated. Syndrome X is chiefly characterized by insulin resistance. When food is consumed by a healthy individual, the body releases insulin to escort glucose into the cells where it can be burned efficiently. When insulin resistance is present, the cells fail to recognize the glucose and deny it entry. The glucose, without a destination, is left to build up in the bloodstream. The liver detects that the cells are not getting enough glucose and pumps more out to remedy the situation, further clogging the bloodstream with sugar. Eventually all of this glucose makes its way to the liver where it is converted to fat and stored throughout the body.

While weight gain due to insulin resistance is not necessarily caused by overeating, insulin resistance is caused by obesity, lack of exercise and diets high in carbohydrates. If you suspect that you might be insulin resistant, see your doctor for a simple test. Early detection could not only be the key to your weight loss, but also important in avoiding cardiovascular disease and diabetes in the future.

3. Stress

Are you plagued by stress on a daily basis? Even little stressors have the ability to add unwanted pounds to your body, thanks to a physiological response called “fight or flight”. Back in the days of our ancestral hunters and gathers, fight or flight was necessary for survival. When facing down an angry bear, the body would increase its production of the hormones adrenaline and cortisol to provide the hunter extra energy to battle his prey. After the immediate danger was over, the body would stop producing adrenaline but would continue to pump out cortisol. The cortisol served to stimulate insulin release and maintain the blood sugar levels resulting in an intense hunger. All of this was necessary for our ancient ancestor’s survival, however today we rarely have the need for such drastic responses.

While the type of stressors that we face in our everyday lives hardly compare to facing down a grizzly bear, our body’s response is exactly the same. Every time your workload becomes too much to handle or your children drive you off of the deep end, your body responds as if it was in mortal peril. Experiencing stressful events on a daily basis means that your adrenal glands could be pumping out the calming hormone cortisol on a regular basis.

After a stressful event subsides, the first thing that many of us do is reach for comfort food. This makes sense since the cortisol pumping through your body is effectively telling you to eat. The problem is, going back to its ancient roots, the fight or flight response was intended for physical threats in which massive amounts of energy were expended in order to survive. That intense hunger was supposed to trigger the hunter to replenish his body after the fight was over. Today’s stressors however, rarely involve physical activity. This means that the food you consume in response to a stressful event is not necessary. Your body experienced no event for which it needs to be replenished. The calories that you are consuming are not needed.

The simplest way to overcome this type of “overeating” is to find a way to manage your stress more effectively. When you feel it coming on, go for a walk or engage in some other type of exercise. Since your body is expecting a physical response, give it what it wants in a healthy way. You will find that your sanity can be restored quickly by exercising. If you find that managing your stress on your own seems overwhelming, make an appointment with a trained therapist to discuss stress management tools that can be tailored to your specific needs.

4. Hypothyroidism

Still don’t know why you aren’t losing weight? Ask your doctor to test your thyroid. The thyroid gland, located at the base of your skull, regulates your body’s metabolism. If thyroid hormone levels decrease, everything in your body slows down, a condition called hypothyroidism. As a result, your cells need less energy (calories). While you may feel like you’re eating normal, or even less than normal, portions of food your body will no longer need that much energy to keep going. All of the “extra” calories that you are consuming become stored as fat resulting in weight gain. A simple test can be performed to detect the levels of TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) in your blood stream. Hypothyroidism can be treated by your doctor safely and effectively by supplementing with thyroid hormones.

Obesity is a very complex medical problem in our society and achieving an ideal weight requires a multifaceted approach. These are just four of the many reasons that you might be having difficulty shedding unhealthy pounds. Once you have decided to address this issue, I recommend working with a health care professional who understands the complexities of being overweight and is compassionate to your individual situation and success. Losing weight is not an easy task. If it was, we would all be thin.


The Diabetes Wake-Up Call By Leigh Erin Connealy, M.D.


Diabetes has become so common in our society that during my last trip to the grocery store I saw two separate magazines dedicated to healthy diabetic living and at least a handful of nutrition bars aimed at regulating glucose levels in the insulin resistant.  This was all while I was in line waiting to check out.  The fact that there are entire aisles of food and supplements dedicated entirely to those living with diabetes is a testament to the overall poor health of our country.  For this reason alone it should come as no surprise that approximately one in four Americans has pre-diabetes, a condition that can develop into type 2 diabetes within 10 years if left untreated.  If you aren’t currently at risk, odds are that someone you love is and that’s bad news.  But there is a silver lining to the pre-diabetes cloud: A recent major national study has proven that with a few lifestyle changes, pre-diabetes can be reversed and the risk of developing type 2 diabetes can be reduced by up to 58%.  Pre-diabetes should serve as a wake-up call and not an inevitable sentence of Life With Diabetes.

Diabetes is a chronic health problem stemming from elevated blood sugar (glucose) levels.  Glucose is a simple sugar that our bodies derive from the foods that we eat.  The body’s metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fats leads directly to the production of glucose, which enters the bloodstream after a meal and is the necessary nutrient to provide energy to every cell in the body.  When too much glucose is present in the bloodstream, diabetes results.

Glucose levels become elevated when the glucose is unable to enter the cells in the bloodstream.  Imagine that your bloodstream is a highway and each cell in the bloodstream is a car.  Cars need gasoline (glucose) in order to run, and these cars within your bloodstream require a key to unlock the gas cap before the tank can be filled.  In your body, this key is insulin.  Without insulin the glucose cannot get into the cells and it is left to float freely through the bloodstream.  Just as a car without gasoline will eventually fail to run, your body will begin to suffer without glucose.

In the case of type 2 diabetes, it’s as if someone has changed the locks on the gas cap.  The cells fail to recognize the insulin and deny entrance to the glucose.  That’s what we call insulin resistance.  

There are two different tests that can be used to determine if a person has diabetes.  Each test measures the patient’s blood glucose levels after a period of fasting and then determines if the patient is in the normal, pre-diabetic or diabetic range.  A normal test result indicates that the body is processing glucose properly, where as a diabetic test result indicates that the body is resisting insulin and too much glucose is present in the bloodstream.  A pre-diabetes test score falls short of the lower threshold for diabetes yet still indicates an elevated presence of glucose in the bloodstream.  Being diagnosed with pre-diabetes is a powerful wakeup call that should not be ignored.

Type 2 diabetes can eventually lead to serious health complications and it is estimated that 2 out of 3 people with diabetes will die from heart disease or stroke.  Research has shown that the type of long-term damage that typically occurs in those with diabetes can actually begin during pre-diabetes.  The elevated blood glucose levels associated with pre-diabetes can increase your risk of cardiovascular disease by 50% over those who have normal blood glucose levels.

Fortunately, a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine in February of 2002 has provided hope for those living with pre-diabetes.  The Diabetes Prevention Program Study showed that just 30 minutes a day of moderate physical activity, coupled with a 5-10% reduction in body weight, produced a 58% reduction in diabetes for those already diagnosed with pre-diabetes.   The researchers believe that weight loss reduces the risk of diabetes by improving the ability of the body to use insulin and process glucose.

When it comes to physical activity the American Diabetes Association recommends that people with pre-diabetes or diabetes should aim for a minimum of 30 minutes most days.  Physical activity can consist of walking, gardening, doing yard work, swimming or cleaning the house.  According to the ADA, beneficial physical activity can be, “anything that increases your heart rate and causes you to break a sweat.”  Don’t worry, however, if 30 minutes seem overwhelming at first.  Breaking up activities into 3 10-minute intervals a day is a great way to achieve the desired 30 minutes.

Healthy eating is an important component to any weight loss plan and often times can seem overwhelming.  Keep in mind that there is no one perfect food so it is important to eat a wide variety of foods including vegetables, whole grains, fruits, non-fat dairy products, beans and lean meats, poultry and fish.  The key is to regulate portion sizes while lowering your fat and caloric intake.

I highly recommend consulting with your doctor as well as a nutritionist before making any major lifestyle changes.  Your overall health should be factored into any exercise and healthy eating plan to prevent the possibility of causing more harm than good.  Additionally, allowing a certified nutritionist to guide you through the often confusing world of healthy eating will not only provide you with valued support but can also boost your chances of success.

A diagnosis of pre-diabetes is an opportunity to take your health into your own hands and make changes for the better.  By incorporating physical activities and healthy eating into your life you are not only taking steps to avoid diabetes but you are improving your overall health and reducing your risk of cardiovascular disease as well.  If you or someone you know is one of the 25% with pre-diabetes, seize this opportunity to make a detour on the road to diabetes!

The Candida and Fungus Among Us!


By Leigh Erin Connealy, M.D


  • Do you regularly experience any of the following symptoms- bloating, headaches, depression, fatigue, memory problems, impotence or loss of libido, unexplained muscle aches, brain “fogginess”?


  • Do you crave sweets, products containing white flour, or alcoholic beverages?


  • Do you have repeated vaginal infections?


  • Do you repeatedly experience any of these health difficulties- inappropriate drowsiness, mood swings, rashes, bad breath, dry mouth, post-nasal drip or nasal congestion, heartburn, urinary frequency or urgency?


  • Do you have repeated fungal infections (“jock itch,” athlete’s foot, ringworm)?


  • Have you recently taken repeated courses of antibiotics or steroids (e.g. cortisone)?


  • Have you used birth-control pills?


If you answered yes to two or more of these questions then you may be suffering from a common yet drastically under-diagnosed condition: Candidiasis.  It is estimated that one in every two people will be affected by Candidiasis in their lifetime but many will not be aware of it or may even think that the symptoms are all in their head.  The unfortunate reality is that many people who seek medical advice from their health care providers are told that there is absolutely nothing wrong with them.  This is due to the fact that the mainstream medical establishment has been slow to recognize Candidiasis as a real issue; the Integrative Medicine community, however, has been treating the condition successfully for decades.  If you feel that you’re one of the many who have suffered without validation or relief from this life-altering illness, please read on.

Candidiasis is the medical term for yeast overgrowth.  We all have bacteria living in our intestinal tract- some of which we consider to be “good”, such as acidophilus and Bifidobacteria, and some of which we consider to be “bad”, such as Candida albicansCandida albicans is a form of yeast that can be dangerous to the body if it spreads.  In order to prevent this from happening, the “good” bacteria produces antifungal substances that keep the “bad” bacteria in check.  This “good” bacteria also ferments carbohydrates into lactic acid, which maintains an ideally balanced pH within the intestines to keep Candida albicans at bay.  As long as the “good” bacteria co-exist with the “bad” bacteria in healthy ratios and the intestinal pH is correctly balanced, the GI tract can live in peace.  Havoc occurs, however, when the pH balance shifts and the “good” bacteria become attacked.

Proper pH balance is vital for so many reasons.  If the body becomes too acidic (a condition known as acidosis), it adversely affects the functioning of all its parts: heart cells, blood cells, brain cells, nerve cells, muscle cells, bone cells, skin cells, hair cells and hormonal levels. It also creates a hostile environment with less available oxygen – a condition key to the growth of microorganisms such as Candida albicans.  As the bacteria fueled by these new, toxic conditions die off, the toxic waste produced by their decomposition further contributes to the already acidic environment.  This cycle continues on and on into a situation with potentially grave consequences.  Researchers suspect that most degenerative diseases including cancer, heart disease, osteoporosis, diabetes, acid reflux and heartburn can be contributed to chronic acidosis.

While an imbalanced pH creates the perfect battleground for the “bad” bacteria to spread, a number of other enemies are waiting in the wings to take aim at the “good” bacteria.

The single largest enemy of “good” bacteria is sugar, which can single-handedly weaken the immune system, thereby weakening the “good” bacteria.  But the sugar doesn’t stop there!  This sweet invader packs a dangerous one-two punch and feeds the “bad” bacteria, encouraging it to proliferate throughout the gastrointestinal tract.  Since a weakened immune system generally goes hand-in-hand with illness, antibiotics or steroids may be administered, which further takes its toll on the “good” bacteria, killing the illness-causing bacteria along with the vital “good” bacteria.  Once the “good” bacteria are out of the picture, the “bad” bacteria are able to take over and sink its teeth into the intestinal walls, eventually breaking down the barrier that exists between the bowel and rest of the body.  This intestinal breach then opens up the flood gates for toxic debris, yeast waste products, and partially digested proteins to enter the bloodstream, resulting in allergic and toxic reactions all over the body – the symptoms of which could manifest themselves differently for every person.

Dietary factors play a key role in the survival of Candida albicans.  These “bad” bacteria thrive on sugar and as a result, intense sugar cravings may ensue.  Likewise, dairy foods can be excellent supporters for Candida albicans for two reasons: (1) Non-organic dairy products contain traces of antibiotics, which can kill the “good” bacteria that have managed to survive and (2) dairy products contain the sugar lactose, which is one of Candida albicans’ preferred meals, feeding the bacteria and further encouraging it to grow and spread.  Other products that cause Candida albicans to grow are yeast and glutens that also convert into sugar.

Environmental factors can also be big supporters of Candida alibans’ proliferation.  Exposure to pollutants such as pesticide residues, car exhaust, industrial chemicals and heavy metals (particularly those found in mercury amalgam dental fillings) may encourage the growth of these “bad” bacteria.

Because Candidiasis suppresses the immune system, symptoms of the illness span a broad range and include chronic fatigue; weight gain; mental issues such as depression, anxiety, irritability, confusion, loss of memory, and severe mood swings; digestive problems including gas, bloating, cramps, chronic diarrhea, constipation, and heartburn; respiratory issues including food and airborne allergies, asthma, nasal or lung congestion, sinus pressure, hay fever, coughing; recurrent fungal infections (“jock itch”, athlete’s foot, ringworm, fingernail or toenail fungus) or vaginal/urinary infections; skin problems including rashes, hives, acne and scaly skin; migraines, headaches and sleep disturbances.

Everyone is at risk of developing Candidiasis; however, people with weakened immune systems (whether from severe illness or chronic stress), those with diets high in sugars and carbohydrates, anyone who has taken repeated courses of antibiotics or steroids, women currently taking oral birth-control medications or who have taken them in the past, and women of child-bearing age are most at risk.

Diagnosing Candidiasis can be tricky as the symptoms of this condition mimic the symptoms of many other illnesses.  I generally consider several factors before pronouncing a diagnosis of Candidiasis: medical history, a physical examination, lab test results and failure to respond to previous treatments.  If I am then able to come to an adequate conclusion, I immediately begin my patients on a treatment protocol.  Catching the condition in its early stages and commencing treatments immediately can be vital to heading off the more serious diseases that yeast overgrowth can lead to (diabetes, osteoporosis, heart disease, acid reflux, heartburn and even cancer).

My Healthy Recommendations:

Treating Candidiasis requires a degree of commitment but with dedication it is completely possible to reverse the condition.

The first step in any treatment plan begins with some key dietary changes.  Sugar is the main fuel for Candida albicans, therefore it must be removed out of the diet completely. A “Candida Diet” requires that sugar; alcohol; milk and dairy products; and foods containing mold and yeast must all be avoided.  These foods actively encourage the growth of Candida albicans and the condition cannot be properly resolved as long as the “fuel” remains in place.

Supplements for Candidiasis:

Because the problem with yeast overgrowth is directly linked to imbalanced pH levels, it is necessary to attack the problem from both angles.  Therefore, I also recommend that people take a combination of supplements that target both of these issues.

 1. pH Plus™ by perfectlyhealthy:  The cesium chloride and rubidium chloride in pH Plus™ are alkalizing minerals and, when combined with potassium penetrate, into the cells, raising their pH and oxygen content to a more normal, healthier, disease-resistant state. 

2.  Mega Greens with MSM™ by perfectlyhealthyMega Greens plus MSM™ contains alkaline forming ingredients to help balance your body’s pH, while providing you with the vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, amino acids, and plant proteins you need for cell support. 

3.  Metabolic Rx™ by perfectlyhealthy: Metabolic Rx™ is a synergistic blend of glandular tissues, vitamins, minerals, herbs, digestive enzymes and antioxidants formulated to support the pancreas function and help regulate blood sugar levels.  This important supplement can help boost your immune system if blood sugar is an issue while also minimizing those sugar cravings that tend to occur in people with Candidiasis.

4. Flora Med™ and Flora Max™ by Advanced Naturals- FloraMed™ is good for everyday and Flora Max™ for more advanced cases. Both of these supplements utilize BIO-tract™ delivery technology to safely deliver “good” bacteria to the intestines where they are able to repopulate the environment with beneficial microorganisms.

 Other targeted Candida treatment includes: Cumandra, Candida Plex, Phytostan, ThreeLac or Freeze Dried Garlic.

 To learn more about my Candida Treatment Protocol, the Candida Diet or any of the supplements mentioned above, please visit my website at  When you suspect that you may be living with a Candida problem, don’t put off speaking with your physician.  While this condition is entirely treatable, the consequences of delaying treatment are too high to ignore.  See your doctor and begin the process of restoring balance in your intestines, your body and your life!

 Dr. Connealy is the medical director of South Coast Medical Center for New Medicine in Irvine, California. The center strives to look at the whole person and explore the effects and relationships among nutrition, psychological and social factors, environmental effects and personal attunement. Visit them online at

C Your Way To Good Health

C Your Way To Good Health

By Leigh Erin Connealy, M.D.

Hear the phrase “vitamin C” and you might conjure up images of orange trees, grapefruits and someone shaking an ice-cold container of OJ, fresh from the source, and covered in cool drops of water.  Refreshing citrus and maybe even avoiding a cold or the flu- these are things that people generally associate with vitamin C.  But did you know that this powerful antioxidant can also lower your risk of heart disease, stroke and even cancer?  It’s never been so easy to C your way to good health!

The importance of vitamin C has been known for centuries, going back to the late 1700s when sailors in the British Navy began dying of scurvy caused by a severe deficiency of vitamin C.  Vitamin C wouldn’t actually be isolated and identified until the 1930s, but what the sailors knew at the time was that eating oranges could cure scurvy.  Today, incidences of scurvy are scarce in the US but can still be found in the elderly population.  Symptoms of a vitamin C deficiency include dry skin and hair, gingivitis, easy bruising, wounds that heal slowly, nosebleeds, swollen and painful joints, and a decreased ability to fight infections.

In the nearly 80 years since vitamin C’s discovery we’ve learned enough about the nutrient to fill volumes.  Here are some of the most notable facts about this amazing vitamin…

Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant. 

Antioxidants are nature’s way of fighting off potentially dangerous molecules in the body.  Such molecules come in the form of synthetic chemicals such as pesticides, plastics, and chlorine byproducts and are called free radicals.  Free radicals are unstable molecules that essentially feed off of otherwise healthy molecules in order to survive.  Every day tens of thousands of free radicals are generated within the body, causing cell damage that can lead to chronic and degenerative diseases if left unchecked.

The body sometimes creates its own free radicals in order to destroy viruses or bacteria.  To balance out these unruly molecules, the body also creates antioxidants, which have the sole purpose of neutralizing free radicals.  The body is only designed to create a certain amount of antioxidants on its own, however, and as we are faced with an ever-growing number of environmental toxins, the body is less capable of fighting off the unwanted harmful invaders.

Vitamin C provides the body with the added antioxidants that are needed to properly wage war against free radicals.  Without enough vitamin C, free radicals can spread and eventually lead to stroke, heart attack, arthritis, vision problems, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease and various types of cancer.

Vitamin C is excellent for your heart. 

The First National Health and Nutrition Examination Study found that the risk of death from cardiovascular disease was 42% lower in men and 25% lower in women who consumed 300 mg/day of vitamin C.   Another study found that patients who took 500 mg/day of vitamin C were able to lower their systolic blood pressure by 9% after 4 weeks.  Vitamin C is so good for cardiovascular health that it has also been found to significantly reduce LDL (“bad”) cholesterol and increase HDL (“good”) cholesterol as well as decrease the number and size of blood clots in veins.

Vitamin C lowers your risk of cancer.

Studies show that high intakes of vitamin C are associated with decreased incidence of cancers of the mouth, throat and vocal chords, esophagus, stomach, colon-rectum and lung.  In these studies, the most significant risk reductions occurred in people consuming at least 80 to 110 mg of vitamin C daily.  Some studies suggest that even higher amounts may prove to be beneficial.  In the Nurses Health Study, premenopausal women with a family history of breast cancer who consumed an average of 205 mg/day of vitamin C had a 63% lower risk of breast cancer than those who consumed an average of 70 mg/day.

In the 1970’s and 80’s, Nobel laureate Linus Pauling Ph.D. conducted a series of research studies into the effects of vitamin C on cancer.  His studies found that extremely high doses of vitamin C (10 grams/day intravenously for 10 days followed by 10 grams/day orally indefinitely) were helpful in increasing the survival time and improving the quality of life of terminal patients.  Pauling’s findings were exciting news in the medical community and the implications were encouraging for further research.  In the 1980’s however, the Mayo Clinic tried to replicate his findings and were unable to.  For several decades the prospect of vitamin C having cancer-fighting implications was essentially shelved. 

All of that changed a few years ago, however, when it came to light that the two studies were conducted in a slightly different manner: the Pauling study administered the vitamin both intravenously and orally while the Mayo Clinic study only administered the vitamin orally.  This lead to a 2004 study conducted by the US government’s National Institute of Health (NIH), which found that how vitamin C is administered is directly related to how much the body is able to use.  It was found that blood concentrations of vitamin C administered intravenously were 6.6 times higher than when the same amount was taken orally.  This lead the NIH scientists to conclude in their paper (published in the Annals of Internal Medicine, April 2005) that, “the efficacy of vitamin C treatment cannot be judged from clinical trials that use only oral dosing,” and that, “the role of vitamin C in cancer treatment should be reevaluated”.  Based on the NIH’s conclusions, several studies are currently underway exploring the use of vitamin C in cancer treatments.

Vitamin C can be found in foods, taken orally or taken intravenously.  Foods such as green peppers, citrus fruits, strawberries, tomatoes, broccoli, leafy greens, sweet and white potatoes and cantaloupe are especially high in vitamin C.  It is important to note that the body cannot manufacture or store vitamin C, therefore it is necessary to make sure that you are getting enough from your daily eating plan and through supplementation.  The recommended daily allowance for women is currently 75 mg/day and for 90 mg/day for men.  Those who are likely to require more vitamin C daily include people with poor eating habits, those who consume alcohol, diabetics, people exposed to heavy metals and those who smoke.  Discuss with your doctor the benefits of increasing your daily intake of vitamin C.

Getting enough vitamin C each day is an easy way to take care of your body and fight off future illness.  So grab an orange and C your way to good health!

 Dr. Connealy is the Medical Director of South Coast Medical Center for New Medicine in Irvine, California.  The center strives to look at the whole person and explore the effects and relationships among nutrition, psychological and social factors, environmental effects and personal attunement.  For more information on her clinic, please visit or call (949) 680-1880.

A Joint Effort

A Joint Effort

By Leigh Erin Connealy, M.D.

OC Health Magazine

 Are you one of the nearly 46 million adults living with arthritis?  Do you suspect that you might have the disease but are afraid to find out?  Arthritis is a serious chronic health problem and the nations leading cause of disability among Americans over the age of 15, yet with a proper diagnosis and an aggressive treatment plan, arthritis can be managed and pain and damage can be minimized.  As a matter of fact, there are many simple and effective steps that you can take on your own right now to improve the quality of your life, even with a diagnosis of arthritis.

Last year nearly one in five adults were living with arthritis and 300,000 children were afflicted with a juvenile form of the disease.  Arthritis is an umbrella term that encompasses over 100 different conditions that affect the muscles and bones.  Translated literally, arthritis means joint inflammation, and includes the two most common conditions, osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis as well as some of the less common conditions such as fibromyalgia, lupus, gout, bursitis and tendonitis.  While the common thread between arthritic conditions is that they all affect the muscoskeletal system and primarily the joints, many forms of arthritis can be systemic, causing damage to the heart, lungs, kidneys, blood vessels and skin. 


Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis and affects approximately 21 million adults.  OA usually comes on slowly, beginning with achiness in the joints due to inflammation after physical work or exercise.  Over time, the achiness can develop into pain, and stiffness may result after a period of rest or inactivity.  Swelling or tenderness may appear and a crunching sound could occur when the affected joint is used.

The culprit in OA is a loss of joint cartilage, the tissue that cushions the ends of bones within the joint.  While the cause is unknown, in people with OA the cartilage begins to fray and may eventually wear away completely causing the debilitating joint pain and stiffness.  When these less common joints become affected, it can typically be traced back to an injury or unusual stress (such as a work-related, repetitive action).

OA can occur in children but usually affects adults.  In men, OA occurs mostly before the age of 45, however in women the disease occurs mostly after the age of 45.  Risk factors for OA include obesity, improper joint alignment and certain diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis. Root causes may also include food allergies, a diet high in fats or eating the foods that promote an acidic environment, poor digestion, and hormone imbalances.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the second most common form of arthritis, affecting roughly 2.1 million adults in the US.  RA is considered an autoimmune disease because the body’s immune system attacks the healthy joint tissue causing joint damage and inflammation.  The exact cause of RA is unknown, but researchers have found that the disease can be triggered by an infection in people who have an inherited tendency for the disease.

The major differences between OA and RA lie in the way that the disease presents itself.  As with OA, RA causes joint tenderness and inflammation as well as pain and stiffness.  Unlike OA, however, RA presents itself in a “symmetrical pattern”, meaning that the symptoms occur in both sides of the body at the same time.  For example, both knees will be concurrently inflamed.  RA can also be accompanied by a fever and a general sense of not feeling well.  Perhaps the greatest difference between the two conditions is the fact that RA has periods of remission while OA will not go away.

RA is caused by an inflammation in the joint lining and in some people, the infection can lead to inflammation of the tear glands, salivary glands, the lining of the heart and lungs and the lungs themselves.  The inflammation associated with RA most often affects the joints of the hands and feet however no joints are immune.  RA is 2-3 times more common in women than in men. 

Arthritis Treatments

The Arthritis Foundation’s, “Principles of Arthritis Management”, proclaims the following:

 1.  There is no best treatment for everyone who has a particular type of arthritis, as each individual may respond differently to different treatments.

 2.  Something can always be done to improve the situation for a person with arthritis.

The main goals of arthritis treatment are to minimize the damage resulting from the disease and to manage pain effectively.  Getting an early diagnosis is vital to your treatment plan as the earlier you are able to begin treatments the better your results may be.  Treatment plans can consist of medication, weight management, exercise, use of heat or cold, and methods to protect joints from further damage.

Making some alterations to your eating plan can have a significant affect on the symptoms of arthritis.  Foods high in saturated fats and refined sugars promote an inflammatory response within the body.  The worst offenders include fatty cuts of red meat, fried foods, snacks containing partially hydrogenated oils, margarine, butter, high sugar foods and foods containing refined flour.  On the other hand, fruits and vegetables high in antioxidants (such as green peppers, citrus fruits, strawberries, tomatoes, broccoli, leafy greens, sweet and white potatoes and cantaloupe) and healthy fats from cold-water fish (salmon and mackerel, for example), flax-seed, olive oil, avocados and nuts can help reduce the inflammatory process.   Eating fiber-packed foods such as raw vegetables and whole grains help to sweep away mineral and acid build-up while sulfur-rich foods, including asparagus, cabbage, garlic and onions, can help to repair cartilage and bone.  Since dehydration has been linked to arthritis pain, it is also a good idea to drink a glass of water every two hours that you are awake to keep cartilage lubricated and healthy.

One protocol that I recommend while living with arthritis or joint pain:

  •  perfectlyhealthy Osteo Plus™ with nutrient rich calcium and K2 (menaquinone-7)
  • perfectlyhealthy pH Plus™  with Cesium and Rubidium & Potassium Citrate to help absorption
  • perfectlyhealthy Mega Greens™ with MSM, which has natural anti-inflammatory benefits and contains sulfur, an integral component of cartilage
  • Carlsons™ Super 2 Daily- Fish Oil Multi-vitamin™ – Fish Oil Multi Vitamin (EPA & DHA)
  • Sun Ten Arthroplex with glucosamine sulfate and chondroitin to help rebuild cartilage tissue, assist in proper joint function and relieve joint pain and swelling

 If you experience joint pain, stiffness and/or swelling for more than 2 weeks, you may have arthritis.  Contact your physician today to discuss your symptoms and testing options.  The earlier that arthritis is diagnosed the earlier treatments can begin.  Don’t be one of the millions limited by this severely debilitating disease.  Take action today!


Dr. Connealy is the medical director of South Coast Medical Center for New Medicine in Irvine, California. The center strives to look at the whole person and explore the effects and relationships among nutrition, psychological and social factors, environmental effects and personal attunement. Visit them online at  For more information on the supplements mentioned, please visit


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